Jubilee in Kundapur
(Report of Silver Jubilee Celebrations
of Yakshagana Talamaddale Programme in Bhandarkar's College,
Kundapura held on Rajyotsava Day, 1 Nov 2000)
the year 1976, Dr H Shantaram, the then Principal of Bhandarkars'
College Kundapura, took interest in organising Yakshagana Talamaddale
programme in the college on the Rajyotsava Day, since then a tradition
of Talamaddale programme was established in the college. To mark
the Silver Jubilee of the event, a day and night programme was organised
in the College on 1st November 2000.
Funciton: Sri Hiriyadka Gopal Rao, a veteran maddalegara and the
former 'Guru' of Yakshagana Kendra of M G M College, Udupi, inaugurated
the celebrations. Dr Kalegowda Nagawara, the President of Karanaka
Janapada and Yakshagana Akademy presided over the function. Dr H
Shantaram, the Administrative Officer of the Academy of General
Education, Manipal was the Chief Guest. Dr U S Aithal, the
Principal of the college welcomed at the beginning. Dr Jayaprakash
Mavinakuli compered the programme.
on 'Yakshagana Talamaddale Swaroopa': To mark the Silver Jubilee
Celebrations meaninfully, an Yakshagana Gosti (seminar) was organised
soon after the inaugural formalities. The seminar was presided
over by Dr. M Prabhakara Joshy, a renowned Yakshagana arthadhari.
Besides Dr Joshy, a panel of experts consisting of Dr Chandrashekar
Damlem Sri Korgi Venkatesh Upadhya, Dr G L Hegde, Sri Subramanya
Dhareshwar presented their views on various issues pertaining to
Talamaddale. A host of Talamaddale artists and ardent lovers of
Yakshagana from Udupi and Dakshina Kannada Districts were specially
invited to participate in the discussions in the seminar.
Vaibhava: Yakshagana is a traditional folk art. It is
characteristically a South Indian performing art. It has a unique place
in the cultural ethos of Coastal and Malenad regions of the Karnataka
professional and amateur Yakshagana artists presented a unique programme,
namely 'Ranga Vaibhava'. It was one of the rarest shows presented
ever. Episodes from religious epics and legends were demonstrated
marvellously by the artists. Spectators were thrilled by the
enchanting costumes, fascinating make up and short impromptu
dialogues. Characteristic 'himmela' (accompaniment) consisting of
Taala (two small cymbals), maddale (drum), Sriti Pettige (harmonium) and
Chande (drum for high pitched beats) provided background music.
Bhagavataru (generally known as the Prathama Vesha) with the customary
dress of Kempu Mundaasu (red turban) and wearing a chain of gold beads
around his neck, sang the Yakshagana songs with traditional 'raagas'.
Vaibhava programme began with a procession of Bhagavataru (singer),
durmmers and two kodangis (little clowns or buffoons) from 'chowki'
(dressing room) to the Rangastala (performing area or stage). 'Poorvaranga'
or 'Sabhalakshana' was presented by the students of Yakshagana Kendra of
M G M College, Udupi. While the guiding spirit was that of Sri
Bannanje Suvarna, the 'Guru' (Principal) of the Yakshagana Kendra, the
unstinted support was extended by Sri Heranje Krishna Bhat, the Director
of the Kendra. Under the 'Poorva Ranga' programme, Kodangi Kunitha
(dances by little clowns) was followed by Hala Oopalas (depicting
Balarama and Sri Krishna) who praised Vishnu while dancing. They
performed Ganapathi Pooja (worshipping of elephant headed God) near the
entrance to the Rangasthala.
Sthriveshas (two female characters) entered the stage and danced
of five Pandavas was a feast to the eyes of the spectators.
Glittering head gears, adornments on chests, and bhujakirtis on
shoulders, etc along with rhythmic dances enchanted the spectators.
the Ranga Vaibhava programme, Yakshagana dance postures and foot steps
used in exit from and entry to the Rangasthala, dances depicting
different battle sequence and cobats, mass hunting by kiratas, digvijaya
(conquering) etc. were performed. A variety of roles were enacted
by the artists such as Kedage Mundale, mukhya strivesha (leading female
character), bannada vesha (demonic characters like Ghora Bhishana and
Hidimbe), warrior queens, Eradaneya Vesha (i.e. Purusha Vesha or the
main male character) etc. etc. Needless to say that Hasyagara,
Hanuma Naika, messengers (doota) etc. characters kept the audience in
good humour. In short, it was a demonstration of all the
theatrical techniques, and 'Navarasabhivyakthi' (depiction of nine
sentiments) through characteristic roles of Yakshagana.
very rare depiction was that of the 'double kore mundaasu vesha' (double
head gear) by Sri Haradi Mahabala. Perhaps, he is the only artist
who is proficient in this art of wearing double headgear for Kirata
(hunter) vesha. Despite his old age, he performed very well and
earned kudos from the thousands of spectators. The spectacular
event of Ranga Vaibhava was compered by Sri Shridara Hande, an
Yakshagana teacher, artist, critic and organiser.
The highlight of the post dinner session was the felicitation to the
pioneers and propagators of Talamaddale programme in the college in the
yester years. All those who put sustained efforts in organising
the programme uninterruptedly for 25 years were presented with a shawl
and a memento. Dr H Shantaram, who pioneered the programme in the
college was honoured with an Yakshagana corwn and a shawl by Sri Sri
Keshavananda Bharathi Swamiji of Edneer Mutt. He had all praise of
Dr H Shantaram's patronage to Talamaddale programme in the college and
blessed him profusely. Sri Sheni Gopala Krishna Bhat, the most
prolific Yakshagana artist was the Chief Guest.
all the Talamaddale artists, including himmela personnel who
participated in the Rajyotsava Yakshagana were felicitated by Dr H
Shantaram with shawls and mementos. Dr M Prabhakara Joshy,
expressed sincere thanks on behalf of all the honourees. Dr
H V Narasimha Murthy was the master of ceremony. Prof. K Shankar
Rao and Sri Sujayeendra Hande have left no stone unturned to make the
entire event a great success.
Programme: Yakshagana Talamaddale artists of repute have
congregated at Bhandarkars' College on the Rajyotsava Day.
Talamaddle is a form of Yakshagana which is staged indoors by Yakshagana
artistes, sitting around aBhagawataru. There are neither costumes
nor dances in this kind of Yakshagana. However, dialogues is most
important part of this programme.
prasangas (stories), namely, Shrasetu Bandhana, Subhadra Kalyana and
Bhishma Parva were presented. Sheni Gopalakrishna Bhat, Perle
Krishna Bhat, Dr Prabhakara Joshy, Amba Tanaya Mudradi, Moodambail
Gopalakrishna Shasthri were prominent 'arthadharis' among others, who
played main characters in these prasangas. The Talamaddale programme
went on till dawn. Heranajalu Gopala, Ambalpady Ganesh Achar
Brothers, Dinesh Ammannaya were in the Himmela. Both Badagu Thittu
and Thenku Thittu Bhagavathike were presented.
- U S Aithal, Kundapur
Yakshagana Seminar At
A seminar on
tradition and renovation of Yakshagana was conducted at Bola Piliyooru
school Bola, Karkala Taluk under the Silver Jubilee Programme series of
Kannada Sangha, Kantavara.
Damodara Nisarga, Chairman Gokarnanatheshwara Bank Mangalore and Trustee
of Dogra Poojary Smaraka Yakshagana Kendra inaugurated. He lighted
the dondi on stage decorated with aracanuts, palm leaves and Bhuta
K M Raghava Nambiar,
Journalist and critic, stressed the need for preserving the beauty and
artistic form of Yakshagana. Satyashankara Bollava, Dharmadarshi,
spoke on the responsibility of art patrons, organisers and critics and
said there is always scope for improvement. Prof. Udyavara
Madhavacharya spoke of the need for experimentation, with an artistic
and balanced approach. Artist-teacher Belady Vittal Shetty in his
reaction said that tradition is not stagnant. G T Annu Bhat,
senior artist said attempts to preserve the form and creativity are
Sri G L Acharya,
industrialist and art supporter, said the beauty of traditional arts
should be carefully studied and fostered. He praised the Kantavara
Kannada Sangha for arranging such a seminar.
Na Mogasale, President of the Sangha co-ordinated the programme.
Dr M Prabhakara Joshy, who directed the seminar introduced the
participants, the subject and compeered the discussion. Dr
Jeevandhara Ballala, President Silver Jubilee Committee, was
present. Sri Gopala Bhandary, MLA wished the function welll.
The program was followed by a demonstration by senior artist Hiriyadka
Gopala Rao on Maddale. Artists of Kaajaaragutthu Yakshagana group
gave demonstration of Yakshagana dance.
deceneary souvenir of Yakshalahari Kinnigoli was released
recently. It contains twelve articles on various aspects of
Yakshagana and is quite instructive.
Workshop For Women
Kendra M G M College Udupi, Jnanajyoti Bhajana Mandira, Hanuman Vitoba
Mahila Yakshagana Sangha jointly organised Yakshagana workshop
exclusively for women artists. Sri K k Pai, Registrar, Manipal
Akademy presided over the inaugeration. Bannanje Sanjeeva Suvarna
conducted the workshop of 'foundation and basics of Yakshagana'.
Prof. H Krishna Bhat and Bhagavata Neelavara Laxminarayana Rao co-ordinated.
word is an important aspect of Yakshagana. It communciates the
story and the message of the epic to the people" said Yakshagana
maestro Sri Sheni Gopalakrishna Bhat on the occasion of the release of
the collection of his 'artha' dialogues at Puttur recently.
Darshana" editied by Journalist and Yakshagana critic Sri Na.
Karantha (Na. Karanta Peraje) contains the trascriptions of the various
roles depicted by Sri Sheni through his very unique spoken word
mastery. It also contains some of his thoughts on art, life and on
culture. The book published by the Karnataka Sangha Puttur is a
unique type of publication.
artist and organiser Sri K M Raghava Nambiar, releasing the book
outlined the various aspects of the developments in Yakshagana during
this Century. He said 'Sheni' is probably the greatest of
over the functions, Sri T Mahabaleshwara Bhat, President Sagar Taluk
Sahitya Parishat honoured Sri Sheni on behalf of Karnataka Sangha.
He congratulated the editor and publishers for the venture.
Bolantakody Ishwara Bhat, President of the sangha and Ramananda
Nellittaya of Yakshakoota organised and conducted the programme, which
concluded with a Talamaddale - 'Karna Bedhan'.
grand annual Yakshagana festival "Yakshaganotsava" is a
special event every year. This year it was the decenery
year. Artists, cultural activists and priests were honoured.
Sri Raghaveshwara Swamiji of Ramachandrapuramata and Sri Sri
Keshavananda Bharati Swamiji of Edneer Mutt were the guests of honour.
Both the Swamijis spoke of the imprtance of Yakshagana, its greatness
and the achievements of the artists.
Gopalakrishna Bhat and Malpe Ramadasa Samaga were awarded the decenary
Special honour. Cultural activist and art promoters Deviprasad
Sampaje, Social leader P B Diwakara Rai, artists and co-operator Bellare
Kittanna Rao, artist Moodambailu Gopalakrishna Shasthry were
honoured. Artists Kolyuru Ramachandra Rao, and P B Vasu Rai were
felicitated. Vedic preists Mudipu Krishna Bhat and Parakkaje Ganapathi
Bhat were honoured. Sri Bare Keshava Bhat, K P Balasubramanya, Hiranya
Venkateshwara Bhat made the felicitation speeches.
of the festival Keelar Gopalakrishnayya welcomed. Subraya Sampaje
conducted. Sri T Shyamabhat coordinated. The programme was
followed by a full night bayalata by leading artists.
Ganiga is no more
female role star of Yakshagana Sri H Jayarama Ganiga passed away,
recently. He was just 30. He was a very talented, active,
capable young man with great promise. He became famous by his role
'Ranganayaki' in the Yakshagana by the same name. His untimely
death has taken away an able actor.
Udupi District Literary
The first literary conference of the newly formed Udupi District was held at
the MGM College Udupi on the 16th and 17th of Dec, 2000. Senior scholar,
poet, philosopher Bannanje Govindacharya chaired the conference. The
schedule included seminars, poetry, reading and singing, open discussion with
writers, honouring of achivers book exhibition and entertainment. A
session feature Prof. Ku. Shi Commemoration, in which speakers paid glowing
tributes to the great cultural leader. The conference was well attended.
The famous Vishnupurana, one
of the 18 main Puranas in Sanskrit is an important work among the epic -
legends of India. It is said to be the summary of all Puranas,
containing many interesting stories, philosphical discoveries, moral
Vidwan B L Nagaraj, a Sanskrit
scholar has translated the Purana into Kannada, in 6500 Bhamini
verses. The publication is undertaken by Vishnupurana Prakashana
Samithi, Westgate, Kankanady, Mangalore. It is to be completed
Artists Meet At
An artist-writers family
get-together organised by Karnataka Samskritika Kriya Vedike, was held
at Landolinks Township Derebail Mangalore. The programme featured
family fun, games, dance, skits, music, Yakshagana, mimicry etc.
Sri J Krishna Palemar, Chairman Landolinks Township presided.
Forum president Sri Nagesh Salian organised.
T Keshava Bhat Gets Akademy Award
Prof. T Keshava Bhat,
Senior poet, folklorist, yakshagana expert, author of many books is
among the annual awardees of the Karnataka Janapada and Yakshagana
Akademy. Prof. Bhat gets a the award for his lifelong
contributions to folklore and Yakshagana.
Polali Shasthry Awards -
The Polali Shasthry birth
centenary series validictory and Shasthry Prashasti (Awards) finctions
were held at Sri Kulai Vishnumoorthy Hall at Kulai Mangalore
recently. Polali Shasthry Samarka Samithi (Committee) (1976 - )
organised the function.
Senior Yakshagana book
publishing house, Pavanje Gururao and Sons (Sri Manmadhwa Sidhanata
Granthalaya) was honoured with the Centenary Award, for their great
contribution towards the field of publication of Yakshagana Prasangas.
Vidhwan Hosabettu Narayana Rao was presented the annual award.
Punaruru inaugurated the function and lauded the efforts of the
Teacher, social worker and
close relative of Polali Shasthry, Sri P Krishna Aithal presided
over. He recalled his association with the great artist, and
narrated the development of Shasthry's talent.
Dr M Prabhakara Joshy and M
Umesh Rao felicitated the honoured. Sri Madhvamuni Rao, Son of
Gururao was honoured on behalf of the publishing house. M S
Krishna Bhat, Sadu Poojary, K Ramanatha Rao, K Krishna Hebbar were the
guests of honour.
President of the Samithi, P
Sridhara Aithal presided an account of the Samithik. Shivarama
Panambur proposed the vote of thanks. P V Paramesh conducted the
proceedings. The programme concluded with a Talamaddale - Subadhra